We examine particle production from spherical bodies collapsing into extremal Reissner-Nordstrom black holes. Kruskal coordinates become ill defined in the extremal case, but we are able to find a simple generalization of them that is good in this Limit. The extension allows us to calculate the late-time world Line of the center of the collapsing star, thus establishing a correspondence with a uniformly accelerated mirror in Minkowski spacetime. The spectrum of created particles associated with such uniform acceleration is nonthermal, indicating that a temperature is not defined. Moreover, the spectrum contains a constant that depends on the history of the collapsing object. At first sight this points to a violation of the no-hair theorems; however, the expectation value of the stress-energy-momentum tensor is zero and its variance vanishes as a power law at late times. Hence, both the no-hair theorems and the cosmic censorship conjecture are preserved. The power-law decay of the variance is in distinction to the exponential falloff of a nonextremal black hole. Therefore, although the vanishing of the stress tenser's expectation value is consistent with a thermal state at zero temperature, the incipient black hole does not behave as a thermal object at any time and cannot be regarded as the thermodynamic limit of a nonextremal black hole, regardless of the fact that the final product of collapse is quiescent.
|Titolo:||Nonthermal nature of incipient extremal black holes|
|Autori:||LIBERATI S; TONY ROTHMAN; SEBESTIANO SONEGO|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW D|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevD.62.024005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|