We study the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model in a lattice that interpolates between the triangular and the kagome lattices. The exchange interaction along the bonds of the kagome lattice is J, and the one along the bonds connecting kagome and nonkagome sites is J('), so that J(')=J corresponds to the triangular limit and J(')=0 to the kagome one. We use variational and exact diagonalization techniques. We analyze the behavior of the order parameter for the antiferromagnetic phase of the triangular lattice, the spin gap, and the structure of the spin excitations as functions of J(')/J. Our results indicate that the antiferromagnetic order is not affected by the reduction of J(') down to J(')/Jsimilar or equal to0.2. Below this value, antiferromagnetic correlations grow weaker, a description of the ground state in terms of a Neel phase renormalized by quantum fluctuations becomes inadequate, and the finite-size spectra develop features that are not compatible with antiferromagnetic ordering. However, this phase does not appear to be connected to the kagome phase as well, as the low-energy spectra do not evolve with continuity for J(')-->0 to the kagome limit. In particular, for any nonzero value of J('), the latter interaction sets the energy scale for the low-lying spin excitations, and a gapless triplet spectrum, destabilizing the kagome phase, is expected.
|Titolo:||From the triangular to the kagome lattice: Following the footprints of the ordered state|
|Autori:||Arrachea L; Capriotti L; Sorella S|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.69.224414|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|