In a previous paper [Barcelo C et al 2001 Class. Quantum Grav. 18 3595610 (Preprint gr-qc/0104001)] we have shown that the occurrence of curved spacetime 'effective Lorentzian geometries' is a generic result of linearizing an arbitrary classical field theory around some nontrivial background configuration. This observation explains the ubiquitous nature of the 'analogue models' for general relativity that have recently been developed based on condensed matter physics. In the simple (single scalar field) situation analysed in our previous paper, there is a single unique effective metric; more complicated situations can lead to bi-metric and multi-metric theories. In the present paper we will investigate the conditions required to keep the situation under control and compatible with experiment-either by enforcing a unique effective metric (as would be required to be strictly compatible with the Einstein equivalence principle), or at the worst by arranging things so that there are multiple metrics that are all 'close' to each other (in order to be compatible with the Eotvos experiment). The algebraically most general situation leads to a physical model whose mathematical description requires an extension of the usual notion of Finsler geometry to a Lorentzian-signature pseudo-Finsler geometry; while this is possibly of some interest in its own right, this particular case does not seem to be immediately relevant for either particle physics or gravitation. The key result is that wide classes of theories lend themselves to an effective metric description. This observation provides further evidence that the notion of 'analogue gravity' is rather generic.
|Titolo:||Refringence, field theory, and normal modes|
|Autori:||CARLOS BARCELO; LIBERATI S; MATT VISSER|
|Rivista:||CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0264-9381/19/11/314|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|