The discovery of neutrino oscillations marks a major milestone in the history of neutrino physics, and opens a new window to the still mysterious origin of masses and flavour mixing. Many current and forthcoming experiments will answer open questions; however, a major step forward, up to and possibly including CP violation in the neutrino-mixing matrix, requires the neutrino beams from a neutrino factory. The neutrino factory is a new concept for producing neutrino beams of unprecedented quality in terms of intensity, flavour composition, and precision of the beam parameters. Most importantly, the neutrino factory is the only known way to generate a high-intensity beam of electron neutrinos of high energy. The neutrino beam from a neutrino factory, in particular the electron-neutrino beam, enables the exploration of otherwise inaccessible domains in neutrino oscillation physics by exploiting baselines of planetary dimensions. Suitable detectors pose formidable challenges but seem within reach with only moderate extrapolations from existing technologies. Although the main physics attraction of the neutrino factory is in the area of neutrino oscillations, an interesting spectrum of further opportunities ranging from high-precision, high-rate neutrino scattering to physics with high-intensity stopped muons comes with it. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Beam and experiments: summary|
|Autori:||Blondel A; Bueno A; Campanelli M; Cervera A; Cline DB; Collot J; de Jong M; Donini A; Dydak F; Edgecock R; Gavela MB; Gomez-Cadenas JJ; Gonzalez-Garcia MC; Gruber P; Harris DA; Hernandez P; Kuno Y; Litchfield PJ; McFarland K; Mena O; Migliozzi P; Palladino V; Panman J; Papadopoulos IM; Para A; Pena-Garay C; Perez P; Rigolin S; Romanino A; Rubbia A; Strolin P; Wojcicki S|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00554-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|