Carbon Nanotube Facilitation of Myocardial Ablation Background The use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in oncology has been proposed for the purpose of sensitizing tumors to radiofrequency (RF) ablation. We hypothesize that myocardial tissue infiltrated with CNTs will improve thermal conductivity of RF heating and lead to altered ablation lesion characteristics. Methods An ex vivo model consisting of viable bovine myocardium, a circulating saline bath at 37 C, a submersible load cell, and a deflectable sheath was assembled. A 4-mm nonirrigated ablation catheter was positioned with 10 gm of force over bovine myocardium infiltrated with CNTs, 0.9% saline, or sham injections. A series of ablation lesions were delivered at 20 and 50 W, and lesion volumes were acquired by analyzing tissue sections with a digital micrometer. Tissue temperature analyses at 3 and 5 mm depths were also performed. Results Myocardial tissue treated with CNTs resulted in significantly larger lesions at both low and high power settings. The electrical impedance was increased in CNT treated tissue with a greater impedance change observed in the CNT infiltrated myocardium. The thermal conductivity of heat generated by application of RF in the tissue was altered by the presence of CNTs, resulting in higher temperatures at 3 and 5 mm depths for both 20 and 50 W. Conclusions Myocardial tissue treated with CNTs resulted in significantly larger lesions at both low and high power settings. The electrical and thermal conductivity of heat generated by application of RF in myocardial tissue was altered by the presence of CNTs. Further research is needed to assess the in vivo applicability for this concept of facilitated ablation with CNTs. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Titolo:||Carbon nanotube facilitation of myocardial ablation with radiofrequency energy|
|Autori:||Nguyen, D. T.; Barham, W.; Zheng, L.; Shillinglaw, B.; Tzou, W. S.; Neltner, B.; Mestroni, L.; Bosi, S.; Ballerini, L.; Prato, M.; Sauer, W. H.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/jce.12509|
|Fulltext via DOI:||https://doi.org/10.1111/jce.12509|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|