Prion diseases are caused by a conformational modification of the cellular prion protein (PrP (C) ) into disease-specific forms, termed PrP (Sc) , that have the ability to interact with PrP (C) promoting its conversion to PrP (Sc) . In vitro studies demonstrated that anti-PrP antibodies inhibit this process. In particular, the single chain variable fragment D18 antibody (scFvD18) showed high efficiency in curing chronically prion-infected cells. This molecule binds the PrP (C) region involved in the interaction with PrP (Sc) thus halting further prion formation. These findings prompted us to test the efficiency of scFvD18 in vivo. A recombinant Adeno-Associated Viral vector serotype 9 was used to deliver scFvD18 to the brain of mice that were subsequently infected by intraperitoneal route with the mouse-adapted scrapie strain RML. We found that the treatment was safe, prolonged the incubation time of scrapie-infected animals and decreased the burden of total proteinase-resistant PrP (Sc) in the brain, suggesting that scFvD18 interferes with prion replication in vivo. This approach is relevant for designing new therapeutic strategies for prion diseases and other disorders characterized by protein misfolding.
|Titolo:||Brain delivery of AAV9 expressing an anti-PrP monovalent antibody delays prion disease in mice|
|Autori:||Moda, F.; Vimercati, C.; Campagnani, I.; Ruggerone, M.; Giaccone, G.; Morbin, M.; Zentilin, L.; Giacca, M.; Zucca, I.; Legname, G.; Tagliavini, F.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4161/pri.20197|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|