Normally we can perform a variety of goal-directed movements effortlessly. However, damage to the parietal cortex may dramatically reduce this ability, giving rise to optic ataxia and limb apraxia. Patients with optic ataxia show clear misreaches towards targets when presented in the peripheral visual field, whereas limb apraxia refers to the inability to use common tools or to imitate simple gestures. In the present paper we describe the case of a left-brain damaged patient, who presented both symptoms. We systematically investigated both spatial and temporal parameters of his movements, when asked to reach and grasp common objects to move (Experiment 1) or to use them (Experiment 2), presented either in the central or peripheral visual field. Different movement parameters changed in relation to the goal of the task (grasp to move vs. grasp to use), reflecting a normal modulation of the movement to accomplish tasks with different goals. On the other hand, grip aperture appeared to be more affected from both task goal and viewing condition, with a specific decrement observed when CF was asked to use objects presented peripherally. On the contrary, a neat effect of the viewing condition was observed in the spatial distribution of the end-points of the movements, and of the horizontal end point in particular, which were shifted towards the fixation point when reaching towards peripheral targets. We hypothesized that optic ataxia and limb apraxia have a differential effect on the patient's performance. The specific presence of optic ataxia would have an effect on the movement trajectory, but both symptoms might interact and influence the grasping component of the movement. As a 'cognitive side of motor control impairment', the presence of limb apraxia may have increased the task demands in grasping to use the objects thus exacerbating optic ataxia. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
|Titolo:||The effect of goals and vision on movements: A case study of optic ataxia and limb apraxia|
|Autori:||Ambron, E.; Lingnau, A.; Lunardelli, A.; Pesavento, V.; Rumiati, R.|
|Rivista:||BRAIN AND COGNITION|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bandc.2015.01.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|