Understanding the structural transformations of solid CO2 from a molecular solid characterized by weak intermolecular bonding to a 3-dimensional network solid at high pressure has challenged re- searchers for the past decade. We employ the recently developed metadynamics method combined with ab initio calculations to provide fundamental insight into recent experimental reports on carbon dioxide in the 60 – 80 GPa pressure region. Pressure-induced polymeric phases and their transformation mechanisms are found. Metadynamics simulations starting from the CO2-II (P42/mnm) at 60 GPa and 600 K proceed via an intermediate, partially polymerized phase, and finally yield a fully tetrahedral, layered structure (P4m2). Based on the agreement between calculated and experimental Raman and X-ray patterns, the recently identified phase VI [Iota V, et al. (2007) Sixfold coordinated carbon dioxide VI. Nature Mat 6:34–38], assumed to be disordered stishovite-like, is instead interpreted as the result of an incomplete transformation of the molecular phase into a final layered structure. In addition, an -cristobalite-like structure (P41212), is predicted to be formed from CO2-III (Cmca) via an intermediate Pbca structure at 80 GPa and low temperatures (<300 K). Defects in the crystals are frequently observed in the calculations at 300 K whereas at 500 to 700 K, CO2-III transforms to an amorphous form, consistent with experi- ment [Santoro M, et al. (2006) Amorphous silica-like carbon dioxide. Nature 441:857–860], but the simulation yields additional structural details for this disordered solid.
|Titolo:||High-pressure polymeric phases of carbon dioxide RID A-9893-2010 RID E-5565-2011|
|Autori:||Sun J; Klug DD; Martonak R; Montoya JA; Lee MS; Scandolo S; Tosatti E|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1073/pnas.0812624106|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|