The convex set of density operators of an N-level quantum mechanical system foliates as a complex flag manifold, where each leaf is identified with the adjoint unitary orbit of the eigenvalues of a density matrix. For an isospectral bilinear control system evolving on such an orbit, the state feedback stabilization problem admits a natural Lyapunov-based time-varying feedback design. A global description of the domain of attraction of the closed-loop system can be provided based on a "root-space"-like structure of the cone of density operators. The converging conditions are time independent but depend on the topology of the flag manifold: it is shown that the closed loop must have a number of equilibria at least equal to the Euler characteristic of the manifold, thus imposing topological obstructions to global stabilizability.
|Titolo:||Feedback stabilization of isospectral control systems on complex flag manifolds: application to quantum ensemble|
|Rivista:||IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TAC.2007.908306|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|