The physics of sliding nanofriction at high temperature near the substrate melting point, TM, is so far unexplored. We conducted simulations of hard tips sliding on a prototype non-melting surface, NaCl(100), revealing two distinct and opposite phenomena for ploughing and for grazing friction in this regime. We found a frictional drop close to TM for deep ploughing and wear, but on the contrary a frictional rise for grazing, wearless sliding. For both phenomena, we obtain a fresh microscopic understanding, relating the former to ‘skating’ through a local liquid cloud, and the latter to linear response properties of the free substrate surface. We argue that both phenomena occur more generally on surfaces other than NaCl and should be pursued experimentally. Most metals, in particular those possessing one or more close-packed non-melting surfaces, such as Pb, Al or Au(111), are likely to behave similarly.
|Titolo:||Peak effect versus skating in high-temperature nanofriction RID C-2353-2011|
|Autori:||Zykova-Timan T; Ceresoli D; Tosatti E|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/nmat1836|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|