Results are presented from general relativistic numerical computations of primordial black-hole formation during the radiation-dominated era of the universe. Growing-mode perturbations are specified within the linear regime and their subsequent evolution is followed as they become nonlinear. We use a spherically symmetric Lagrangian code and study both supercritical perturbations, which go on to produce black holes, and subcritical perturbations, for which the overdensity eventually disperses into the background medium. For super-critical perturbations, we confirm the results of previous work concerning scaling laws but note that the threshold amplitude for a perturbation to lead to black-hole formation is substantially reduced when the initial conditions are taken to represent purely growing modes. For sub-critical cases, where an initial collapse is followed by a subsequent re-expansion, strong compressions and rarefactions are seen for perturbation amplitudes near to the threshold. We have also investigated the effect of including a significant component of vacuum energy and have calculated the resulting changes in the threshold and in the slope of the scaling law.
|Titolo:||Computations of primordial black-hole formation|
|Autori:||MUSCO I; MILLER J; REZZOLLA L|
|Rivista:||CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM GRAVITY|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0264-9381/22/7/013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|