The Left Lateral cortex is known to have a role in inductive reasoning tasks. A more specific hypothesis on its role is that it is crucial in the generation of new abstract rules, rather than in the selection and implementation of a specific rule among a set of previously learned ones. Two new tests - the Generation of Hypotheses test and the Recognition of the Rule test - were administered to 46 patients with focal damage to the frontal cortex. Patients were divided in three frontal subgroups: Left Lateral, Right Lateral and Medial. On the basis of the new hypothesis, it was predicted that (i) the Left Lateral subgroup would fail in the Generation of Hypotheses test but would show spared performance on the Recognition of the Rule test and that (ii) the other frontal subgroups would perform normally on both tests. The findings on the Left Lateral and Right Lateral frontal subgroup were consistent with the predictions. This suggests that the Left Lateral frontal cortex is critical specifically for the generation of hypotheses in inductive reasoning. The Medial frontal subgroup, in contrast with our expectations, was impaired on Generation test; two hypotheses have been raised to explain this finding. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Generation and recognition of abstract rules in different frontal lobe subgroups / Reverberi, C; D'Agostini, S; Skrap, M; Shallice, Timothy. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0028-3932. - 43:13(2005), pp. 1924-1937. [10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.03.004]

Generation and recognition of abstract rules in different frontal lobe subgroups

Shallice, Timothy
2005-01-01

Abstract

The Left Lateral cortex is known to have a role in inductive reasoning tasks. A more specific hypothesis on its role is that it is crucial in the generation of new abstract rules, rather than in the selection and implementation of a specific rule among a set of previously learned ones. Two new tests - the Generation of Hypotheses test and the Recognition of the Rule test - were administered to 46 patients with focal damage to the frontal cortex. Patients were divided in three frontal subgroups: Left Lateral, Right Lateral and Medial. On the basis of the new hypothesis, it was predicted that (i) the Left Lateral subgroup would fail in the Generation of Hypotheses test but would show spared performance on the Recognition of the Rule test and that (ii) the other frontal subgroups would perform normally on both tests. The findings on the Left Lateral and Right Lateral frontal subgroup were consistent with the predictions. This suggests that the Left Lateral frontal cortex is critical specifically for the generation of hypotheses in inductive reasoning. The Medial frontal subgroup, in contrast with our expectations, was impaired on Generation test; two hypotheses have been raised to explain this finding. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2005
43
13
1924
1937
Reverberi, C; D'Agostini, S; Skrap, M; Shallice, Timothy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/30418
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