Sliding parts in nanosystems such as nanoelectromechanical systems and nanomotors increasingly involve large speeds, and rotations as well as translations of the moving surfaces; yet, the physics of high-speed nanoscale friction is so far unexplored. Here, by simulating the motion of drifting and of kicked Au clusters on graphite -a workhorse system of experimental elevance- we demonstrate and characterize a new ‘ballistic’ friction regime at high speed, separate from drift at low speed. The temperature dependence of the cluster slip distance and time, measuring friction, is opposite in these two regimes, consistent with theory. Crucial to both regimes is the interplay of rotations and translations, shown to be correlated in slow drift but anticorrelated in fast sliding. Despite these differences, we find the velocity dependence of ballistic friction to be, like drift, viscous.
|Autori:||Guerra R; Tartaglino U; Vanossi A; Tosatti E|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/NMAT2798|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|