The paper's focus is the calculation of unsteady incompressible 2D flows past airfoils. In the framework of the primitive variable Navier–Stokes equations, the initial and boundary conditions must be assigned so as to be compatible, to assure the correct prediction of the flow evolution. This requirement, typical of all incompressible flows, viscous or inviscid, is often violated when modelling the flow past immersed bodies impulsively started from rest. Its fulfillment can however be restored by means of a procedure enforcing compatibility, consisting in a pre-processing of the initial velocity field, here described in detail. Numerical solutions for an impulsively started multiple airfoil have been obtained using a finite element incremental projection method. The spatial discretization chosen for the velocity and pressure are of different order to satisfy the inf–sup condition and obtain a smooth pressure field. Results are provided to illustrate the effect of employing or not the compatibility procedure, and are found in good agreement with those obtained with a non-primitive variable solver. In addition, we introduce a post-processing procedure to evaluate an alternative pressure field which is found to be more accurate than the one resulting from the projection method. This is achieved by considering an appropriate ‘unsplit’ version of the momentum equation, where the velocity solution of the projection method is substituted.
|Titolo:||Calculation of Impulsively Started Incompressible Viscous Flows|
|Autori:||A. Marra; A. Mola; L. Quartapelle; L. Riviello|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN FLUIDS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/fld.743|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|