Dinuclear azole-bridged Pt compounds bind to DNA helices, forming intrastrand crosslinks between adjacent guanines in a similar way to cisplatin. Their cytotoxic profile is, however, different from that of first and second generation Pt drugs in that they lack cross resistance in cisplatin-resistant cell lines. In contrast to cisplatin, which induces a large kink in DNA duplex, structural NMR studies and molecular dynamics simulations have shown that azole-bridged diplatinum compounds induce only small structural changes in double-stranded DNA. These structural differences have been invoked to explain the different cytotoxic profile of these compounds. Here, we show that in addition to the small structural changes in DNA, dinuclear Pt compounds also affect DNA minor groove flexibility in a different way than cisplatin. Free-energy calculations on azole-bridged diplatinum DNA adducts reveal that opening of the minor groove requires a higher free-energy cost (Delta G similar to 7-15 kcal/mol) than in the corresponding cisplatin-DNA adduct (Delta G similar to 0 kcal/mol). This could prevent minor groove binding proteins from binding to diplatinum-DNA adducts thus leading to a different cellular response than cisplatin and possibly decreasing the activity of excision repair enzymes. Although the development of drug resistance is a highly complex mechanism, our findings provide an additional rationale for the improved cytotoxic activity of these compounds in cell lines resistant to cisplatin.
|Titolo:||Azole-Bridged Diplatinum Anticancer Compounds. Modulating DNA Flexibility to Escape Repair Mechanism and Avoid Cross Resistance|
|Autori:||Spiegel, K.; Magistrato, A.; Carloni, P.; Reedijk, J.; Klein, M. L.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jp0762323|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|