The joint action of a synthetic gauge potential and of atomic contact repulsion in a one-dimensional alkaline-earth(-like) fermionic gas with nuclear spin I leads to the existence of a hierarchy of fractional insulating and conducting states with intriguing properties. We unveil the existence and the features of those phases by means of both analytical bosonization techniques and numerical methods based on the density-matrix renormalization group algorithm. In particular, we show that the gapless phases can support helical modes, whereas the gapped states, which appear under certain conditions, are characterised both by density and magnetic order. Several distinct features emerge solely for spin I larger than 1/2, thus making their study with cold-atoms unique. We will finally argue that these states are related to the properties of an unconventional fractional quantum Hall effect in the thin-torus limit. The properties of this hierarchy of states can be experimentally studied in state-of-the-art cold-atom laboratories.
|Titolo:||Magnetic crystals and helical liquids in alkaline-earth fermionic gases|
|Autori:||Barbarino, S.; Taddia, L.; Rossini, D.; Mazza, L.; Fazio, R.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Numero di Articolo:||8134|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/ncomms9134|
|Fulltext via DOI:||10.1038/ncomms9134|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|