Some 250 years after the systematic experiments by Musschenbroek and their rationalization by Euler, for the first time we show that it is possible to design structures (i.e. mechanical systems whose elements are governed by the equation of the elastica) exhibiting bifurcation and instability ('buckling') under tensile load of constant direction and point of application ('dead'). We show both theoretically and experimentally that the behaviour is possible in elementary structures with a single degree of freedom and in more complex mechanical systems, as related to the presence of a structural junction, called 'slider', allowing only relative transversal displacement between the connected elements. In continuous systems where the slider connects two elastic thin rods, bifurcation occurs both in tension and in compression, and is governed by the equation of the elastica, employed here for tensile loading, so that the deformed rods take the form of the capillary curve in a liquid, which is in fact governed by the equation of the elastica under tension. Since axial load in structural elements deeply influences dynamics, our results may provide application to innovative actuators for mechanical wave control; moreover, they open a new perspective in the understanding of failure within structural elements.
|Titolo:||Structures buckling under tensile dead load|
|Autori:||Zaccaria, D; Bigoni, D; Noselli, Giovanni; Misseroni, D.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1098/rspa.2010.0505|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|