We study the expectation of the number of components b0(X) of a random algebraic hypersurface X defined by the zero set in projective space RPn of a random homogeneous polynomial f of degree d. Specifically, we consider invariant ensembles, that is Gaussian ensembles of polynomials that are invariant under an orthogonal change of variables. Fixing n, under some rescaling assumptions on the family of ensembles (as d→. ∞), we prove that Eb0(X) has the same order of growth as [Eb0(X∩RP1)]n. This relates the average number of components of X to the classical problem of M. Kac (1943) on the number of zeros of the random univariate polynomial f|RP1.The proof requires an upper bound for Eb0(X), which we obtain by counting extrema using Random Matrix Theory methods from Fyodorov (2013), and it also requires a lower bound, which we obtain by a modification of the barrier method from Lerario and Lundberg (2015) and Nazarov and Sodin (2009).We also provide quantitative upper bounds on implied constants; for the real Fubini-Study model these estimates provide super-exponential decay (as n→. ∞) of the leading coefficient (in d) of Eb0(X). © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
|Titolo:||On the number of connected components of random algebraic hypersurfaces|
|Autori:||Fyodorov, Y.V.; Lerario, A.; Lundberg, E.|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF GEOMETRY AND PHYSICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.geomphys.2015.04.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|