A relation between O(n) models and Ising models has been recently conjectured (Casetti et al 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 057208). Such a relation, inspired by an energy landscape analysis, implies that the microcanonical density of states of an O(n) spin model on a lattice can be effectively approximated in terms of the density of states of an Ising model defined on the same lattice and with the same interactions. Were this relation exact, it would imply that the critical energy densities of all the O(n) models (i.e. the average values per spin of the O(n) Hamiltonians at their respective critical temperatures) should be equal to that of the corresponding Ising model. It is therefore worth investigating how different the critical energies are and how this difference depends on n. We compare the critical energy densities of O(n) models in three dimensions in some specific cases: the O(1) or Ising model, the O(2) or XY model, the O(3) or Heisenberg model, the O(4) model and the O(∞) or spherical model, all defined on regular cubic lattices and with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor interactions. The values of the critical energy density in the n=2, n=3 and n=4 cases are derived through a finite-size scaling analysis of data produced by means of Monte Carlo simulations on lattices with up to 1283 sites. For n=2 and n=3 the accuracy of previously known results has been improved. We finally derive an interpolation formula showing that the difference between the critical energy densities of O(n) models and that of the Ising model is smaller than 1% if n< 8 and never exceeds 3% for any n. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA Medialab srl.
|Titolo:||Critical energy density of O(n) models in d=3|
|Autori:||Nerattini R.; Trombettoni A.; Casetti L.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Numero di Articolo:||P12001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1742-5468/2014/12/P12001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|