We study the general relativistic non-linear dynamics of self-gravitating irrotational dust in a cosmological setting, adopting the comoving and synchronous gauge, where all the equations can be written in terms of the metric tensor of spatial hyper-surfaces orthogonal to the fluid flow. Performing an expansion in inverse powers of the speed of light, we obtain the post-Newtonian equations, which yield the lowest-order relativistic effects arising during the non-linear evolution. We then specialize our analysis to globally plane-parallel configurations, i.e. to the case where the initial perturbation field depends on a single coordinate. The leading order of our expansion, corresponding to the ``Newtonian background'', is the Zel'dovich approximation, which, for plane-parallel perturbations in the Newtonian limit, represents an exact solution. This allows us to find the exact analytical form for the post-Newtonian metric, thereby providing the post-Newtonian extension of the Zel'dovich solution: this accounts for some relativistic effects, such as the non-Gaussianity of primordial perturbations. An application of our solution in the context of the back-reaction proposal is eventually given, providing a post-Newtonian estimation of kinematical back-reaction, mean spatial curvature, average scale-factor and expansion rate.
|Titolo:||Post-Newtonian cosmological dynamics of plane-parallel perturbations and back-reaction|
|Autori:||E. Villa; S. Matarrese; D. Maino|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1475-7516/2011/08/024|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|