We present a method to evaluate on the lattice the leading isospin breaking effects due to both the small mass difference between the up and down quarks and the QED interaction. Our proposal is applicable in principle to any QCD+QED gauge invariant hadronic observable that can be computed on the lattice. It is based on the expansion of the path integral in powers of the small parameters (mˆd−mˆu)/ΛQCD and αˆem, where mˆf is the renormalized quark mass and αˆem the renormalized fine structure constant. In this paper we discuss in detail the general strategy of the method and the conventional, although arbitrary, separation of QCD from QED isospin breaking corrections. We obtain results for the pion mass splitting, M2π+−M2π0=1.44(13)(16)×103 MeV2, for the Dashen’s theorem breaking parameter εγ=0.79(18)(18), for the light quark masses, [mˆd−mˆu](MS⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯,2 GeV)=2.39(8)(17) MeV, [mˆu/mˆd](MS⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯,2 GeV)=0.50(2)(3), and for the flavor symmetry breaking parameters R and Q. We also update our previous results for the QCD isospin breaking corrections to the Kℓ2 decay rate and for the QCD contribution to the neutron-proton mass splitting. The numerical results of this paper have been obtained by using the gluon field configurations produced by the ETMC Collaboration with nf=2 dynamical quarks. We treated the dynamical quarks as electrically neutral particles (electroquenched approximation) and neglected a disconnected diagram in the charged and neutral pion mass splitting. We provide all the formulas necessary to remove these approximations and discuss in detail the estimate of the associated systematic uncertainties.
|Titolo:||Leading isospin breaking effects on the lattice|
|Autori:||de Divitiis, G. M.; Frezzotti, R.; Lubicz, V.; Martinelli, G.; Petronzio, R.; Rossi, G. C.; Sanfilippo, F.; Simula, S.; Tantalo, N.|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW D, PARTICLES, FIELDS, GRAVITATION, AND COSMOLOGY|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevD.87.114505|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|