The neural basis of the human brain's ability to discriminate pitch has been investigated by functional neuroimaging and the study of lesioned brains, indicating the critical importance of right and left Heschl's gyrus (HG) in pitch perception. Nonetheless, there remains some uncertainty with regard to localization and lateralization of pitch discrimination, partly because neuroimaging results do not allow us to draw inferences about the causality. To address the problem of causality in pitch discrimination functions, we used transcranial direct current stimulation to downregulate (via cathodal stimulation) and upregulate (via anodal stimulation) excitability in either left or right auditory cortex and measured the effect on performance in a pitch discrimination task in comparison with sham stimulation. Cathodal stimulation of HG on the left and on the right hemispheres adversely affected pitch discrimination in comparison to sham stimulation, with the effect on the right being significantly stronger than on the left. Anodal stimulation on either side had no effect on performance in comparison to sham. Our results indicate that both left and right HG are causally involved in pitch discrimination, although the right auditory cortex might be a stronger contributor.
|Titolo:||Non-invasive brain stimulation applied to Heschl's gyrus modulates pitch discrimination|
|Autori:||Mathys, Christoph; Loui, Psyche; Zheng, Xin; Schlaug, Gottfried|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Numero di Articolo:||193|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00193|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|