Nonthermal dynamical critical behavior can arise in isolated quantum systems brought out of equilibrium by a change in time of their parameters. While this phenomenon has been studied in a variety of systems in the case of a sudden quench, we consider here its sensitivity to a change of protocol by considering the experimentally relevant case of a linear ramp in time. Focusing on the O(N) model in the large-N limit, we will show that a dynamical phase transition is always present for all durations of the ramp, and we discuss the crossover between the sudden quench transition and one dominated by the equilibrium quantum critical point. We show that the critical behavior of the statistics of the excitations, signaling the nonthermal nature of the transition, is also robust. An intriguing crossover in the equal-time correlation function, related to an anomalous coarsening, is also discussed. © 2016 American Physical Society.
|Titolo:||Linear ramps of the mass in the O(N) model: Dynamical transition and quantum noise of excitations|
|Autori:||Maraga, A.; Smacchia, P.; Silva, A.|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW. B|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.94.245122|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|