In this work we present an extensive investigation of nanoscale physical phenomena related to oxygen-deficient centers (ODCs) in silica and Ge-doped silica by means of first-principles calculations, including nudged-elastic band, electron paramagnetic resonance parameters calculations, and many-body perturbation theory (GW and Bethe-Salpeter equation) techniques. We show that by neutralizing positively charged oxygen monovacancies we can obtain model structures of twofold Si and Ge defects of which the calculated absorption spectra and singlet-to-triplet transitions are in excellent agreement with the experimental optical absorption and photo-luminescence data. In particular we provide an exhaustive analysis of the main exciton peaks related to the presence of twofold defects including long-range correlation effects. By calculating the reaction pathways and energy barriers necessary for the interconversion, we advance a double precursory origin of the [Formula: see text] and Ge(2) centers as due to the ionization of neutral oxygen monovacancies (Si-Si and Ge-Si dimers) and as due to the ionization of twofold Si and Ge defects. Furthermore two distinct structural conversion mechanisms are found to occur between the neutral oxygen monovacancy and the twofold Si (and Ge) atom configurations. Such conversion mechanisms allow to explain the radiation induced generation of the ODC(II) centers, their photobleaching, and also their generation during the drawing of optical fibers.
|Titolo:||Photoactivated processes in optical fibers: generation and conversion mechanisms of twofold coordinated Si and Ge atoms|
|Autori:||Giacomazzi, L.; Martin-Samos, L.; Boukenter, A.; Ouerdane, Y.; Girard, S.; Alessi, A.; de Gironcoli, S.; Richard, N.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Numero di Articolo:||195202|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1361-6528/aa693b|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|