We present a model for simulating Carbon Monoxide (CO) rotational line emission in molecular clouds, taking account of their 3D spatial distribution in galaxies with different geometrical properties. The model implemented is based on recent results in the literature and has been designed for performing Monte-Carlo simulations of this emission. We compare the simulations produced with this model and calibrate them, both on the map level and on the power spectrum level, using the second release of data from the Planck satellite for the Galactic plane, where the signal-to-noise ratio is highest. We use the calibrated model to extrapolate the CO power spectrum at low Galactic latitudes where no high sensitivity observations are available yet. We then forecast the level of unresolved polarized emission from CO molecular clouds which could contaminate the power spectrum of Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization B-modes away from the Galactic plane. Assuming realistic levels of the polarization fraction, we show that the level of contamination is equivalent to a cosmological signal with r≲0.02. The Monte-Carlo MOlecular Line Emission (MCMole3D) Python package, which implements this model, is being made publicly available.

A 3D model for carbon monoxide molecular line emission as a potential cosmic microwave background polarization contaminant / Puglisi, Giuseppe; Fabbian, Giulio; Baccigalupi, Carlo. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - 469:3(2017), pp. 2982-2996. [10.1093/mnras/stx1029]

A 3D model for carbon monoxide molecular line emission as a potential cosmic microwave background polarization contaminant

Puglisi, Giuseppe;Fabbian, Giulio;Baccigalupi, Carlo
2017

Abstract

We present a model for simulating Carbon Monoxide (CO) rotational line emission in molecular clouds, taking account of their 3D spatial distribution in galaxies with different geometrical properties. The model implemented is based on recent results in the literature and has been designed for performing Monte-Carlo simulations of this emission. We compare the simulations produced with this model and calibrate them, both on the map level and on the power spectrum level, using the second release of data from the Planck satellite for the Galactic plane, where the signal-to-noise ratio is highest. We use the calibrated model to extrapolate the CO power spectrum at low Galactic latitudes where no high sensitivity observations are available yet. We then forecast the level of unresolved polarized emission from CO molecular clouds which could contaminate the power spectrum of Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization B-modes away from the Galactic plane. Assuming realistic levels of the polarization fraction, we show that the level of contamination is equivalent to a cosmological signal with r≲0.02. The Monte-Carlo MOlecular Line Emission (MCMole3D) Python package, which implements this model, is being made publicly available.
469
3
2982
2996
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx1029
https://arxiv.org/abs/1701.07856
Puglisi, Giuseppe; Fabbian, Giulio; Baccigalupi, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/56543
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