By using variational wave functions and quantum Monte Carlo techniques, we investigate the interplay between electron-electron and electron-phonon interactions in the two-dimensional Hubbard-Holstein model. Here, the ground-state phase diagram is triggered by several energy scales, i.e., the electron hopping t, the on-site electron-electron interaction U, the phonon energy omega(0), and the electron-phonon coupling g. At half filling, the ground state is an antiferromagnetic insulator for U >= 2g(2)/omega(0), while it is a charge-density-wave (or bipolaronic) insulator for U <= 2g(2) omega(0). In addition to these phases, we find a superconducting phase that intrudes between them. For omega(0)/t = 1, superconductivity emerges when both U/t and 2g(2)/t omega(0) are small; then, by increasing the value of the phonon energy omega(0), it extends along the transition line between antiferromagnetic and charge-density-wave insulators. Away from half filling, phase separation occurs when doping the charge-density-wave insulator, while a uniform (superconducting) ground state is found when doping the superconducting phase. In the analysis of finite-size effects, it is extremely important to average over twisted boundary conditions, especially in the weak-coupling limit and in the doped case.
|Titolo:||Superconductivity, charge-density waves, antiferromagnetism, and phase separation in the Hubbard-Holstein model|
|Autori:||Karakuzu, Seher; Tocchio, Luca F.; Sorella, Sandro; Becca, Federico|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Numero di Articolo:||205145|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.96.205145|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|