1. To analyze the information represented about individual odor stimuli in the responses of single olfactory neurons in the primate orbitofrontal area, neuronal responses were measured to a set of seven to nine odorants in macaques performing an olfactory discrimination task. The population of neurons analyzed had responses that were significantly differential to the odorants. 2. Information theoretic analyses were applied to the responses of the neurons, and information measures were calculated from the firing rate of the responses and from the principal components of the responses. The information reflected by the firing rate of the response accounted for the majority of the information present (86%) when compared with the information derived from the first three principal components of the spike train. This indicated that temporal encoding had a very minor role in the encoding of olfactory information by single orbitofrontal olfactory cells. 3. The average information about which odorant was presented, averaged across the 38 neurons, was 0.09 bits, a figure that is low when compared with the information values previously published for the responses of temporal lobe face-selective neurons. 4. Application of information theoretic analyses to the responses of these neurons showed how much information about which stimulus was delivered was present in the responses of individual neurons. It was found that for the majority of the neurons significant amounts of information were reflected about one or two of the odorants presented. 5. For each neuron, the information reflected in the responses of that neuron about the reinforcement value and the information about the identity of the odorants were calculated. It is shown that many neurons carry information about which of the odorants was presented; in addition, some neurons reflect information only about the taste association of the stimuli and not about odorant identity. 6. Measurements of the sparseness of the representation indicated that a broadly distributed representation of the identity of odorants was present in this population of neurons.
|Titolo:||Representation of olfactory information in the primate orbitofrontal cortex|
|Autori:||Rolls, Edmund T.; Critchley, Hugo D.; Treves, Alessandro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/jn.19188.8.131.522|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|