Inducing topological transitions by a time-periodic perturbation offers a route to controlling the properties of materials. Here, we show that the adiabatic preparation of a nontrivial state involves a selective population of edge states, due to exponentially small gaps preventing adiabaticity. We illustrate this by studying graphenelike ribbons with hopping's phases of slowly increasing amplitude, as, e.g., for a circularly polarized laser slowly turned on. The induced currents have large periodic oscillations, but flow solely at the edges upon time averaging, and can be controlled by focusing the laser on either edge. The bulk undergoes a nonequilibrium topological transition, as signaled by a local Hall conductivity, the Chern marker introduced by Bianco and Resta in equilibrium. The breakdown of this adiabatic picture in the presence of intraband resonances is discussed.
|Titolo:||Quantum annealing and nonequilibrium dynamics of Floquet Chern insulators|
|Autori:||Privitera, Lorenzo; Santoro, Giuseppe E.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Numero di Articolo:||241406|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.241406|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|