A quantum system exhibits off-diagonal long-range order (ODLRO) when the largest eigenvalue λ0 of the one-body-density matrix scales as λ0 ∼ N, where N is the total number of particles. Putting λ0 ∼ NC to define the scaling exponent C, then C = 1 corresponds to ODLRO and C = 0 to the single-particle occupation of the density matrix orbitals. When 0 < C <1, C can be used to quantify deviations from ODLRO. In this paper we study the exponent C in a variety of one-dimensional bosonic and anyonic quantum systems at T = 0. For the 1D Lieb-Liniger Bose gas we find that for small interactions C is close to 1, implying a mesoscopic condensation, i.e., a value of the zero temperature "condensate" fraction λ0/N appreciable at finite values of N (as the ones in experiments with 1D ultracold atoms). 1D anyons provide the possibility to fully interpolate between C = 1 and 0. The behaviour of C for these systems is found to be non-monotonic both with respect to the coupling constant and the statistical parameter.
|Titolo:||Deviations from off-diagonal long-range order in one-dimensional quantum systems|
|Autori:||Colcelli, A.; Mussardo, G.; Trombettoni, A.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Numero di Articolo:||50006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1209/0295-5075/122/50006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|