We show that a linear term coupling the atoms of an ultracold binary mixture provides a simple method to induce an effective and tunable population imbalance between them. This term is easily realized by Rabi coupling between different hyperfine levels of the same atomic species. The resulting effective imbalance holds for one-particle states dressed by the Rabi coupling and obtained by diagonalizing the mixing matrix of the Rabi term. This way of controlling the chemical potentials applies to both bosonic and fermionic atoms and it also allows for spatially- and temporally-dependent imbalances. As a first application, we show that, in the case of two attractive fermionic hyperfine levels with equal chemical potentials coupled by the Rabi pulse, the same superfluid properties of an imbalanced binary mixture are recovered. We finally discuss the properties of m-species mixtures in the presence of SU(m)-invariant interactions. View Full-Text

Effective Control of Chemical Potentials by Rabi Coupling with RF-Fields in Ultracold Mixtures / Lepori, Luca; Maraga, Anna; Celi, Alessio; Dell’Anna, Luca; Trombettoni, Andrea. - In: CONDENSED MATTER. - ISSN 2410-3896. - 3:2(2018), pp. 1-15. [10.3390/condmat3020014]

Effective Control of Chemical Potentials by Rabi Coupling with RF-Fields in Ultracold Mixtures

Lepori, Luca;Maraga, Anna;Dell’Anna, Luca;Trombettoni, Andrea
2018

Abstract

We show that a linear term coupling the atoms of an ultracold binary mixture provides a simple method to induce an effective and tunable population imbalance between them. This term is easily realized by Rabi coupling between different hyperfine levels of the same atomic species. The resulting effective imbalance holds for one-particle states dressed by the Rabi coupling and obtained by diagonalizing the mixing matrix of the Rabi term. This way of controlling the chemical potentials applies to both bosonic and fermionic atoms and it also allows for spatially- and temporally-dependent imbalances. As a first application, we show that, in the case of two attractive fermionic hyperfine levels with equal chemical potentials coupled by the Rabi pulse, the same superfluid properties of an imbalanced binary mixture are recovered. We finally discuss the properties of m-species mixtures in the presence of SU(m)-invariant interactions. View Full-Text
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https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat3020014
https://www.mdpi.com/2410-3896/3/2/14
Lepori, Luca; Maraga, Anna; Celi, Alessio; Dell’Anna, Luca; Trombettoni, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/88172
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