Coalescing massive black hole binaries (MBHBs) of 10(4-7) M-circle dot, forming in the aftermath of galaxy mergers, are primary targets of the space mission LISA, the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna. An assessment of LISA detection prospects requires an estimate of the abundance and properties of MBHBs that form and evolve during the assembly of cosmic structures. To this aim, we employ a semi-analytic model to follow the co-evolution of MBHBs within their host galaxies. We identify three major evolutionary channels driving the binaries to coalescence: two standard paths along which the binary evolution is driven by interactions with the stellar and/or gaseous environment, and a novel channel where MBHB coalescence occurs during the interaction with a third black hole. For each channel, we follow the orbital evolution ofMBHBs with physically motivated models that include a self-consistent treatment of the orbital eccentricity. We find that LISA will detect between approximate to 25 and approximate to 75 events per year depending on the seed model. We show that triple-induced coalescences can range from a few detected events up to similar to 30 per cent of the total detected mergers. Moreover, even if the standard gas/stars-driven evolutionary channels should fail and MBHBs were to stall, triple interactions would still occur as a result of the hierarchical nature of galaxy formation, resulting in about approximate to 10 to approximate to 20 LISA detections per year. Remarkably, triple interactions among the black holes can produce coalescing binaries with large eccentricities (greater than or similar to 0.9) upon entrance into the LISA band. This eccentricity will remain significant (similar to 0.1) also at merger, requiring suitable templates for parameter estimation. Keywords

Post-Newtonian evolution of massive black hole triplets in galactic nuclei - IV. Implications for LISA / Bonetti, Matteo; Sesana, Alberto; Haardt, Francesco; Barausse, Enrico; Colpi, Monica. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - 486:3(2019), pp. 4044-4060. [10.1093/mnras/stz903]

Post-Newtonian evolution of massive black hole triplets in galactic nuclei - IV. Implications for LISA

Barausse, Enrico;
2019

Abstract

Coalescing massive black hole binaries (MBHBs) of 10(4-7) M-circle dot, forming in the aftermath of galaxy mergers, are primary targets of the space mission LISA, the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna. An assessment of LISA detection prospects requires an estimate of the abundance and properties of MBHBs that form and evolve during the assembly of cosmic structures. To this aim, we employ a semi-analytic model to follow the co-evolution of MBHBs within their host galaxies. We identify three major evolutionary channels driving the binaries to coalescence: two standard paths along which the binary evolution is driven by interactions with the stellar and/or gaseous environment, and a novel channel where MBHB coalescence occurs during the interaction with a third black hole. For each channel, we follow the orbital evolution ofMBHBs with physically motivated models that include a self-consistent treatment of the orbital eccentricity. We find that LISA will detect between approximate to 25 and approximate to 75 events per year depending on the seed model. We show that triple-induced coalescences can range from a few detected events up to similar to 30 per cent of the total detected mergers. Moreover, even if the standard gas/stars-driven evolutionary channels should fail and MBHBs were to stall, triple interactions would still occur as a result of the hierarchical nature of galaxy formation, resulting in about approximate to 10 to approximate to 20 LISA detections per year. Remarkably, triple interactions among the black holes can produce coalescing binaries with large eccentricities (greater than or similar to 0.9) upon entrance into the LISA band. This eccentricity will remain significant (similar to 0.1) also at merger, requiring suitable templates for parameter estimation. Keywords
486
3
4044
4060
http://arxiv.org/abs/1812.01011v1
Bonetti, Matteo; Sesana, Alberto; Haardt, Francesco; Barausse, Enrico; Colpi, Monica
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1812.01011v2.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Accepted version
Tipologia: Documento in Pre-print
Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 2.92 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.92 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/89733
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 58
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 61
social impact