Background: Synaptic dysfunction, named synaptopathy, due to inflammatory status of the central nervous system (CNS) is a recognized factor potentially underlying both motor and cognitive dysfunctions in neurodegenerative diseases. To gain knowledge on the mechanistic interplay between local inflammation and synapse changes, we compared two diverse inflammatory paradigms, a cytokine cocktail (CKs; IL-1β, TNF-α, and GM-CSF) and LPS, and their ability to tune GABAergic current duration in spinal cord cultured circuits. Methods: We exploit spinal organotypic cultures, single-cell electrophysiology, immunocytochemistry, and confocal microscopy to explore synaptic currents and resident neuroglia reactivity upon CK or LPS incubation. Results: Local inflammation in slice cultures induced by CK or LPS stimulations boosts network activity; however, only CKs specifically reduced GABAergic current duration. We pharmacologically investigated the contribution of GABAAR α-subunits and suggested that a switch of GABAAR α1-subunit might have induced faster GABAAR decay time, weakening the inhibitory transmission. Conclusions: Lower GABAergic current duration could contribute to providing an aberrant excitatory transmission critical for pre-motor circuit tasks and represent a specific feature of a CK cocktail able to mimic an inflammatory reaction that spreads in the CNS. Our results describe a selective mechanism that could be triggered during specific inflammatory stress.
|Titolo:||Cytokine inflammatory threat, but not LPS one, shortens GABAergic synaptic currents in the mouse spinal cord organotypic cultures|
|Autori:||Giacco, Vincenzo; Panattoni, Giulia; Medelin, Manuela; Bonechi, Elena; Aldinucci, Alessandra; Ballerini, Clara; Ballerini, Laura|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Numero di Articolo:||127|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1186/s12974-019-1519-z|
|Fulltext via DOI:||10.1186/s12974-019-1519-z|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|