We investigate the properties of the most distant quasars ULASJ134208.10 + 092838.61 (z = 7.54), ULASJ112001.48 + 064124.3 (z = 7.08) and DELSJ003836.10-152723.6 (z = 7.02) studying their Optical-UV emission that shows clear evidence of the presence of an accretion disk. We model such emission applying the relativistic disk models KERRBB and SLIMBH for which we have derived some analytical approximations to describe the observed emission as a function of the black hole mass, accretion rate, spin and the viewing angle. We found that: 1) our black hole mass estimates are compatible with the ones found using the virial argument but with a smaller uncertainty; 2) assuming that the virial argument is a reliable method to have a black hole mass measurement (with no systematic uncertainties involved), we found an upper limit for the black hole spin of the three sources: very high spin values are ruled out; 3) our Eddington ratio estimates are smaller than those found in previous studies by a factor similar to 2: all sources are found to be sub-Eddington. Using our results, we explore the parameter space (efficiency, accretion rate) to describe the possible evolution of the black hole assuming a similar to 10(2-4) M-circle dot seed: if the black hole in these sources formed at redshift z = 10-20, we found that the accretion has to proceed at the Eddington rate with a radiative efficiency eta similar to 0.1 in order to reach the observed masses in less than similar to 0.7 Gyr.
|Titolo:||Black hole mass and spin estimates of the most distant quasars|
|Autori:||Campitiello, Samuele; Celotti, Annalisa; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Sbarrato, Tullia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Numero di Articolo:||A23|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1051/0004-6361/201834167|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|