We show that long-range ferromagnetic interactions in quantum spin chains can induce spatial quasilocalization of topological magnetic defects, i.e., domain walls, even in the absence of quenched disorder. Utilizing matrix-product-states numerical techniques, we study the nonequilibrium evolution of initial states with one or more domain walls under the effect of a transverse field in variable-range quantum Ising chains. Upon increasing the range of these interactions, we demonstrate the occurrence of a sharp transition characterized by the suppression of spatial diffusion of the excitations during the accessible time scale: the excess energy density remains localized around the initial position of the domain walls. This quasilocalization is accurately reproduced by an effective semiclassical model, which elucidates the crucial role that long-range interactions play in this phenomenon. The predictions of this Rapid Communication can be tested in current experiments with trapped ions.

Quasilocalized excitations induced by long-range interactions in translationally invariant quantum spin chains / Lerose, Alessio; Zunkovic, Bojan; Silva, Alessandro; Gambassi, Andrea. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B. - ISSN 2469-9950. - 99:12(2019), pp. 1-6. [10.1103/PhysRevB.99.121112]

Quasilocalized excitations induced by long-range interactions in translationally invariant quantum spin chains

Lerose Alessio;Zunkovic Bojan;Silva Alessandro;Gambassi Andrea
2019

Abstract

We show that long-range ferromagnetic interactions in quantum spin chains can induce spatial quasilocalization of topological magnetic defects, i.e., domain walls, even in the absence of quenched disorder. Utilizing matrix-product-states numerical techniques, we study the nonequilibrium evolution of initial states with one or more domain walls under the effect of a transverse field in variable-range quantum Ising chains. Upon increasing the range of these interactions, we demonstrate the occurrence of a sharp transition characterized by the suppression of spatial diffusion of the excitations during the accessible time scale: the excess energy density remains localized around the initial position of the domain walls. This quasilocalization is accurately reproduced by an effective semiclassical model, which elucidates the crucial role that long-range interactions play in this phenomenon. The predictions of this Rapid Communication can be tested in current experiments with trapped ions.
99
12
1
6
121112
https://arxiv.org/abs/1811.05513
Lerose, Alessio; Zunkovic, Bojan; Silva, Alessandro; Gambassi, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/98113
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