Many non-coding RNAs are known to play a role in the cell directly linked to their structure. Structure prediction based on the sole sequence is however a challenging task. On the other hand, thanks to the low cost of sequencing technologies, a very large number of homologous sequences are becoming available for many RNA families. In the protein community, it has emerged in the last decade the idea of exploiting the covariance of mutations within a family to predict the protein structure using the direct- coupling-analysis (DCA) method. The application of DCA to RNA systems has been limited so far. We here perform an assessment of the DCA method on 17 riboswitch families, comparing it with the commonly used mutual information analysis. We also compare different flavors of DCA, including mean-field, pseudo-likelihood, and a proposed stochastic procedure (Boltzmann learning) for solving exactly the DCA inverse problem. Boltzmann learning outperforms the other methods in predicting contacts observed in high resolution crystal structures. In order to enhance the prediction of both RNA secondary and tertiary contacts, we discuss the possibility to include of a number of informed priors in the estimation of the couplings for the DCA statistical model. We observe a systematic improvement of the DCA performance by embedding in the prior distribution the pairing probability matrices calculated using secondary-structure prediction algorithms.

Covariance models for RNA structure prediction / Cuturello, Francesca. - (2019 Oct 14).

Covariance models for RNA structure prediction

Cuturello, Francesca
2019-10-14

Abstract

Many non-coding RNAs are known to play a role in the cell directly linked to their structure. Structure prediction based on the sole sequence is however a challenging task. On the other hand, thanks to the low cost of sequencing technologies, a very large number of homologous sequences are becoming available for many RNA families. In the protein community, it has emerged in the last decade the idea of exploiting the covariance of mutations within a family to predict the protein structure using the direct- coupling-analysis (DCA) method. The application of DCA to RNA systems has been limited so far. We here perform an assessment of the DCA method on 17 riboswitch families, comparing it with the commonly used mutual information analysis. We also compare different flavors of DCA, including mean-field, pseudo-likelihood, and a proposed stochastic procedure (Boltzmann learning) for solving exactly the DCA inverse problem. Boltzmann learning outperforms the other methods in predicting contacts observed in high resolution crystal structures. In order to enhance the prediction of both RNA secondary and tertiary contacts, we discuss the possibility to include of a number of informed priors in the estimation of the couplings for the DCA statistical model. We observe a systematic improvement of the DCA performance by embedding in the prior distribution the pairing probability matrices calculated using secondary-structure prediction algorithms.
Bussi, Giovanni
Pagnani, A.; Schug, A.
Cuturello, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/103809
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