Infinite Projected entangled-pair state (iPEPS) is a two-dimensional tensor network (TN) ansatz targeting the ground states of lattice models directly in the thermodynamic limit. It is the most successful among the true two-dimensional TN methods, challenging the more common density matrix renormalization group computations conducted on a finite-width cylinders. iPEPS, being a variational method does not suffer from the infamous sign problem, and hence could be readily applied to both fermionic problems off the half-filling and frustrated spin system. Using the imaginary-time optimization, the so called Full Update, led to the celebrated results of iPEPS such as the analysis of stripes in doped t-J and Hubbard models or the insight into the magnetization plateaus in Shastry-Sutherland model. However, the physics of the continuous phase transitions from the symmetry-broken Neel phase into the valence-bond solids or spin-liquids in frustrated magnets is still eluding iPEPS. The main difficulty lies in the optimization, since Full Update is just not precise enough. In the pursuit of the best variational iPEPS states, the gradient methods were put forward in 2016 by Corboz and Vanderstraeten. However, due to their complex nature, they have not been widely adopted especially for iPEPS ansatze with larger unit cells. We will introduce an alternative approach first applied in the context of iPEPS by Liao et al., based on the well established method of Algorithmic differentiation (AD) which allows us to evaluate gradients for iPEPS in a robust and conceptually simple way. Finally, we will present the results of our investigation into the physics of frustrated magnets putting AD to work.
|Titolo:||Towards next-generation methods to optimize two-dimensional tensor networks: Algorithmic differentiation and applications to quantum magnets|
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-ott-2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.1 PhD thesis|