Synthetic vitreous silica is currently the preferred material for the production of optical fibres because of the several excellent properties of this glass, e.g. high transmission in the visible and IR domains, high mechanical strength, chemical durability, and ease of doping with various materials. For instance, fiber lasers and amplifiers exploit the light amplification properties provided by rare-earth ions employed as dopants in the core of silica-based optical fibers. The structure and composition of the nearest neighbor shell surrounding rare-earth ions in silica-based optical fibers and amplifiers have been intensively debated in the last decade. To reduce aggregation effects between rare-earth ions, co-dopants such as phosphorus and aluminium are added as structural modifiers; phosphorus-doping, in particular, has proved to be very efficient in dissolving rare-earth ions. In this work, we provide further insights concerning the embedding of P atoms into the silica network, which may be relevant for explaining the ease of formation of a phosphorus pentoxide nearest-neighbor shell around a rare-earth dopant. In particular, by means of first-principles calculations, we discuss alternative models for an irradiation (UV, x–, γ-rays) induced paramagnetic center, i.e. the so called room-temperature phosphorus-oxygen-hole center, and its precursors. We report that the most likely precursor of a room-temperature phosphorus-oxygen-hole center comprises of a micro-cluster of a few (at least two) neighboring phosphate tetrahedra, and correspondingly that the occurrence of isolated [(O-) 2 P(=O) 2 ] − units is unlikely even at low P-doping concentrations. In fact, this work predicts that the symmetric stretching of P=O bonds in isolated [(O-) 2 P(=O) 2 ] − units appears as a Raman band at a frequency of ~1110 cm −1 , and only by including at least another corner-sharing phosphate tetrahedron, it is shown to shift to higher frequencies (up to ~40 cm −1 ) due to the shortening of P=O bonds, thereby leading to an improved agreement with the observed Raman band located at ~1145 cm −1 .

v-P 2 O 5 micro-clustering in P-doped silica studied by a first-principles Raman investigation / Giacomazzi, L.; Martin-Samos, L.; Alessi, A.; Richard, N.; Boukenter, A.; Ouerdane, Y.; Girard, S.; Valant, M.; De Gironcoli, S.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 9:(2019), pp. 1-11. [10.1038/s41598-019-42887-3]

v-P 2 O 5 micro-clustering in P-doped silica studied by a first-principles Raman investigation

Giacomazzi, L.;De Gironcoli, S.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Synthetic vitreous silica is currently the preferred material for the production of optical fibres because of the several excellent properties of this glass, e.g. high transmission in the visible and IR domains, high mechanical strength, chemical durability, and ease of doping with various materials. For instance, fiber lasers and amplifiers exploit the light amplification properties provided by rare-earth ions employed as dopants in the core of silica-based optical fibers. The structure and composition of the nearest neighbor shell surrounding rare-earth ions in silica-based optical fibers and amplifiers have been intensively debated in the last decade. To reduce aggregation effects between rare-earth ions, co-dopants such as phosphorus and aluminium are added as structural modifiers; phosphorus-doping, in particular, has proved to be very efficient in dissolving rare-earth ions. In this work, we provide further insights concerning the embedding of P atoms into the silica network, which may be relevant for explaining the ease of formation of a phosphorus pentoxide nearest-neighbor shell around a rare-earth dopant. In particular, by means of first-principles calculations, we discuss alternative models for an irradiation (UV, x–, γ-rays) induced paramagnetic center, i.e. the so called room-temperature phosphorus-oxygen-hole center, and its precursors. We report that the most likely precursor of a room-temperature phosphorus-oxygen-hole center comprises of a micro-cluster of a few (at least two) neighboring phosphate tetrahedra, and correspondingly that the occurrence of isolated [(O-) 2 P(=O) 2 ] − units is unlikely even at low P-doping concentrations. In fact, this work predicts that the symmetric stretching of P=O bonds in isolated [(O-) 2 P(=O) 2 ] − units appears as a Raman band at a frequency of ~1110 cm −1 , and only by including at least another corner-sharing phosphate tetrahedron, it is shown to shift to higher frequencies (up to ~40 cm −1 ) due to the shortening of P=O bonds, thereby leading to an improved agreement with the observed Raman band located at ~1145 cm −1 .
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Giacomazzi, L.; Martin-Samos, L.; Alessi, A.; Richard, N.; Boukenter, A.; Ouerdane, Y.; Girard, S.; Valant, M.; De Gironcoli, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/117284
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