Colloids immersed in a critical binary liquid mixture are subject to critical Casimir forces (CCFs) because they confine its concentration fluctuations and influence the latter via effective surface fields. To date, CCFs have been primarily studied in thermodynamic equilibrium. However, due to the critical slowing down, the order parameter around a particle can easily be perturbed by any motion of the colloid or by solvent flow. This leads to significant but largely unexplored changes in the CCF. Here we study the drag force on a single colloidal particle moving in a near-critical fluid mixture and the relative motion of two colloids due to the CCF acting on them. In order to account for the kinetic couplings among the order parameter field, the solvent velocity field, and the particle motion, we use a fluid particle dynamics method. These studies extend the understanding of CCFs from thermal equilibrium to nonequilibrium processes, which are relevant to current experiments, and show the emergence of significant effects near the critical point.
|Titolo:||Nonequilibrium Critical Casimir Effect in Binary Fluids|
|Autori:||Furukawa A; Gambassi A; Dietrich S; Tanaka H|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.055701|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|