The unconventional low-lying spin excitations, recently observed in neutron scattering experiments on Cs2CuCl4, are explained with a spin liquid wave function. The dispersion relation as well as the wave vector of the incommensurate spin correlations are well reproduced within a projected BCS wave function with gapless and fractionalized spin-1/2 excitations around the nodes of the BCS gap function. The proposed wave function is shown to be very accurate for one-dimensional spin-1/2 systems and remains similarly accurate in the two-dimensional model corresponding to Cs2CuCl4, thus representing a good ansatz for describing spin fractionalization in two dimensions.
|Titolo:||Resonating valence bond wave function for the two-dimensional fractional spin liquid|
|Autori:||Yunoki S; Sorella S|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.157003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|