Key points: Taste transduction occurs in taste buds in the tongue epithelium. The Ca2+-activated Cl– channels TMEM16A and TMEM16B play relevant physiological roles in several sensory systems. Here, we report that TMEM16A, but not TMEM16B, is expressed in the apical part of taste buds. Large Ca2+-activated Cl− currents blocked by Ani-9, a selective inhibitor of TMEM16A, are measured in type I taste cells but not in type II or III taste cells. ATP indirectly activates Ca2+-activated Cl– currents in type I cells through TMEM16A channels. These results indicate that TMEM16A is functional in type I taste cells and contribute to understanding the largely unknown physiological roles of these cells. Abstract: The Ca2+-activated Cl– channels TMEM16A and TMEM16B have relevant roles in many physiological processes including neuronal excitability and regulation of Cl– homeostasis. Here, we examined the presence of Ca2+-activated Cl– channels in taste cells of mouse vallate papillae by using immunohistochemistry and electrophysiological recordings. By using immunohistochemistry we showed that only TMEM16A, and not TMEM16B, was expressed in taste bud cells where it largely co-localized with the inwardly rectifying K+ channel KNCJ1 in the apical part of type I cells. By using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in isolated cells from taste buds, we measured an average current of −1083 pA at −100 mV in 1.5 μm Ca2+ and symmetrical Cl– in type I cells. Ion substitution experiments and blockage by Ani-9, a specific TMEM16A channel blocker, indicated that Ca2+ activated anionic currents through TMEM16A channels. We did not detect any Ca2+-activated Cl– currents in type II or III taste cells. ATP is released by type II cells in response to various tastants and reaches type I cells where it is hydrolysed by ecto-ATPases. Type I cells also express P2Y purinergic receptors and stimulation of type I cells with extracellular ATP produced large Ca2+-activated Cl− currents blocked by Ani-9, indicating a possible role of TMEM16A in ATP-mediated signalling. These results provide a definitive demonstration that TMEM16A-mediated currents are functional in type I taste cells and provide a foundation for future studies investigating physiological roles for these often-neglected taste cells.

Functional expression of TMEM16A in taste bud cells / Guarascio, D. M.; Gonzalez-Velandia, K. Y.; Hernandez-Clavijo, A.; Menini, A.; Pifferi, S.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3751. - 599:15(2021), pp. 3697-3714. [10.1113/JP281645]

Functional expression of TMEM16A in taste bud cells

Guarascio D. M.;Gonzalez-Velandia K. Y.;Menini A.
;
Pifferi S.
2021

Abstract

Key points: Taste transduction occurs in taste buds in the tongue epithelium. The Ca2+-activated Cl– channels TMEM16A and TMEM16B play relevant physiological roles in several sensory systems. Here, we report that TMEM16A, but not TMEM16B, is expressed in the apical part of taste buds. Large Ca2+-activated Cl− currents blocked by Ani-9, a selective inhibitor of TMEM16A, are measured in type I taste cells but not in type II or III taste cells. ATP indirectly activates Ca2+-activated Cl– currents in type I cells through TMEM16A channels. These results indicate that TMEM16A is functional in type I taste cells and contribute to understanding the largely unknown physiological roles of these cells. Abstract: The Ca2+-activated Cl– channels TMEM16A and TMEM16B have relevant roles in many physiological processes including neuronal excitability and regulation of Cl– homeostasis. Here, we examined the presence of Ca2+-activated Cl– channels in taste cells of mouse vallate papillae by using immunohistochemistry and electrophysiological recordings. By using immunohistochemistry we showed that only TMEM16A, and not TMEM16B, was expressed in taste bud cells where it largely co-localized with the inwardly rectifying K+ channel KNCJ1 in the apical part of type I cells. By using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in isolated cells from taste buds, we measured an average current of −1083 pA at −100 mV in 1.5 μm Ca2+ and symmetrical Cl– in type I cells. Ion substitution experiments and blockage by Ani-9, a specific TMEM16A channel blocker, indicated that Ca2+ activated anionic currents through TMEM16A channels. We did not detect any Ca2+-activated Cl– currents in type II or III taste cells. ATP is released by type II cells in response to various tastants and reaches type I cells where it is hydrolysed by ecto-ATPases. Type I cells also express P2Y purinergic receptors and stimulation of type I cells with extracellular ATP produced large Ca2+-activated Cl− currents blocked by Ani-9, indicating a possible role of TMEM16A in ATP-mediated signalling. These results provide a definitive demonstration that TMEM16A-mediated currents are functional in type I taste cells and provide a foundation for future studies investigating physiological roles for these often-neglected taste cells.
599
15
3697
3714
10.1113/JP281645
Guarascio, D. M.; Gonzalez-Velandia, K. Y.; Hernandez-Clavijo, A.; Menini, A.; Pifferi, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/126651
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