We study nonhomogeneous quantum quenches in a one-dimensional gas of repulsive spin-1/2 fermions, as described by the integrable Yang-Gaudin model. By means of generalized hydrodynamics (GHD), we analyze in detail the real-time evolution following a sudden change of the confining potential. We consider in particular release protocols and trap quenches, including a version of the quantum Newton's cradle. At zero temperature, we employ a simplified phase-space hydrodynamic picture to characterize the dynamics of the particle- and spin-density profiles. Away from zero temperatures, we perform a thorough numerical study of the GHD equations, and provide quantitative predictions for different values of the temperature, external magnetic field, and chemical potential. We highlight the qualitative features arising due to the multicomponent nature of the elementary excitations, discussing in particular effects of spin-charge separation and dynamical polarization.

Generalized hydrodynamics of the repulsive spin-1/2 Fermi gas / Scopa, S.; Calabrese, P.; Piroli, L.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B. - ISSN 2469-9950. - 106:13(2022), pp. 1-13. [10.1103/physrevb.106.134314]

Generalized hydrodynamics of the repulsive spin-1/2 Fermi gas

Scopa, S.;Calabrese, P.;Piroli, L.
2022-01-01

Abstract

We study nonhomogeneous quantum quenches in a one-dimensional gas of repulsive spin-1/2 fermions, as described by the integrable Yang-Gaudin model. By means of generalized hydrodynamics (GHD), we analyze in detail the real-time evolution following a sudden change of the confining potential. We consider in particular release protocols and trap quenches, including a version of the quantum Newton's cradle. At zero temperature, we employ a simplified phase-space hydrodynamic picture to characterize the dynamics of the particle- and spin-density profiles. Away from zero temperatures, we perform a thorough numerical study of the GHD equations, and provide quantitative predictions for different values of the temperature, external magnetic field, and chemical potential. We highlight the qualitative features arising due to the multicomponent nature of the elementary excitations, discussing in particular effects of spin-charge separation and dynamical polarization.
2022
106
13
1
13
134314
https://arxiv.org/abs/2209.00700
Scopa, S.; Calabrese, P.; Piroli, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/131449
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