A gas of interacting fermions confined in a quasi one-dimensional geometry shows a BEC to BCS crossover upon slowly driving its coupling constant through a confinement-induced resonance. On one side of the crossover the fermions form tightly bound bosonic molecules behaving as a repulsive Bose gas, while on the other they form Cooper pairs, whose size is much larger than the average interparticle distance. Here we consider the situation arising when the coupling constant is varied suddenly from the BEC to the BCS value. Namely, we study a BEC-to-BCS quench. By exploiting a suitable continuum limit of recently discovered solvable quenches in the Hubbard model, we show that the local stationary state reached at large times after the quench can be determined exactly by means of the quench action approach. We provide an experimentally accessible characterization of the stationary state by computing local pair correlation function as well as the quasiparticle distribution functions. We find that the steady state is increasingly dominated by two-particle spin singlet bound states for stronger interaction strength, but that bound state formation is inhibited at larger BEC density. The bound state rapidity distribution displays quartic power law decay suggesting a violation of Tan's contact relations.

Solution of the BEC to BCS Quench in One Dimension / Rylands, Colin; Calabrese, Pasquale; Bertini, Bruno. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 130:2(2023), pp. 1-7. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.023001]

Solution of the BEC to BCS Quench in One Dimension

Rylands, Colin;Calabrese, Pasquale;Bertini, Bruno
2023-01-01

Abstract

A gas of interacting fermions confined in a quasi one-dimensional geometry shows a BEC to BCS crossover upon slowly driving its coupling constant through a confinement-induced resonance. On one side of the crossover the fermions form tightly bound bosonic molecules behaving as a repulsive Bose gas, while on the other they form Cooper pairs, whose size is much larger than the average interparticle distance. Here we consider the situation arising when the coupling constant is varied suddenly from the BEC to the BCS value. Namely, we study a BEC-to-BCS quench. By exploiting a suitable continuum limit of recently discovered solvable quenches in the Hubbard model, we show that the local stationary state reached at large times after the quench can be determined exactly by means of the quench action approach. We provide an experimentally accessible characterization of the stationary state by computing local pair correlation function as well as the quasiparticle distribution functions. We find that the steady state is increasingly dominated by two-particle spin singlet bound states for stronger interaction strength, but that bound state formation is inhibited at larger BEC density. The bound state rapidity distribution displays quartic power law decay suggesting a violation of Tan's contact relations.
2023
130
2
1
7
023001
https://arxiv.org/abs/2209.00956
Rylands, Colin; Calabrese, Pasquale; Bertini, Bruno
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/131450
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