We study how dispersions of colloidal particles in a cholesteric liquid crystal behave under a time-dependent electric field. By controlling the amplitude and shape of the applied field wave, we show that the system can be reproducibly driven out of equilibrium through different kinetic pathways and navigated through a glassylike free energy landscape encompassing many competing metastable equilibria. Such states range from simple Saturn rings to complex structures featuring amorphous defect networks, or stacks of disclination loops. A nonequilibrium electric field can also trigger the alignment of particles into columnar arrays, through defect-mediated force impulses, or their repositioning within a plane. Our results are promising in terms of providing new avenues towards controlled patterning and self-assembly of soft colloid-liquid crystal composite materials. © 2015 American Physical Society.
|Titolo:||Electric Field Controlled Columnar and Planar Patterning of Cholesteric Colloids|
|Autori:||D'Adamo, G.; Marenduzzo, D.; Micheletti, C; Orlandini, E.|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.177801|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|