Fluctuation-dissipation relations, i.e., the relation between two-time correlation and linear response functions, were successfully used to search for signs of equilibration and to identify effective temperatures in the non-equilibrium behavior of a number of macroscopic classical and quantum systems in contact with thermal baths. Among the most relevant cases in which the effective temperatures thus defined were shown to have a thermodynamic meaning one finds the stationary dynamics of driven super-cooled liquids and vortex glasses, and the relaxation of glasses. Whether and under which conditions an effective thermal behavior can be found in quantum isolated many-body systems after a global quench is a question of current interest. We propose to study the possible emergence of thermal behavior long after the quench by studying fluctuation-dissipation relations in which (possibly time- or frequency-dependent) parameters replace the equilibrium temperature. If thermalization within the Gibbs ensemble eventually occurs these parameters should be constant and equal for all pairs of observables in 'partial' or 'mutual' equilibrium. We analyze these relations in the paradigmatic quantum system, i.e., the quantum Ising chain, in the stationary regime after a quench of the transverse field. The lack of thermalization to a Gibbs ensemble becomes apparent within this approach.
|Titolo:||Dynamic correlations, fluctuation-dissipation relations, and effective temperatures after a quantum quench of the transverse field Ising chain|
|Autori:||Foini L; Cugliandolo L F; Gambassi A|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1742-5468/2012/09/P09011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|