In Chapter 1, we introduce the physics of the HTSC, starting with an historical overview of the problem and describing some experimental results that characterize these materials. Subsequently, we introduce the t−J model, which allows a microscopic description of the HTSC and we introduce the Resonating Valence Bond (RVB) wave function. In Chapter 2, we will describe the numerical techniques used for obtaining the results of our thesis. We start from the Lanczos method, that enable us to obtain exact results for small cluster size and then we enter in the topic of the quantum Monte Carlo technique. We describe the variational Monte Carlo method, the optimization algorithm and we will introduce the Green’s function Monte Carlo and fixed-node approximation, that improve the variational results. In Chapter 3, we will introduce our new variational wave function which generalizes the RVB state we show our results on the charge fluctuations (phase separation problem) for the two-dimensional t−J model. The main results of this chapter has been published in Physical Review B . In Chapter 4, we will study the magnetic and superconducting properties of the two-dimensional t−J and t−t′−J model, trying to understand the role of the next-nearest-neighbor hopping term on the magnetic and superconducting phases. We will show a phase diagram of the magnetic and superconducting correlations, which qualitatively reproduce the actual phase diagram of HTSC and gives some indication on the origin of the electronic pairing. The main results of this chapter were submitted to Physical Review B .
|Titolo:||d − wave Superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in strongly correlated systems by a new variational approach|
|Data di deposito:||26-ott-2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.1 PhD thesis|