The manifestations of topology are ubiquitous in condensed matter physics. One of the most striking examples is the integer quantum Hall effect, which served as a theoretical basis for developing many classes of new materials in the last years such as topological insulators. It has been realized that topology can manifest itself also in time-dependent quantum systems. The question that we try to address in this thesis is how much of these topological structures can be harnessed in the realistic dynamics of a periodically driven closed quantum system. We investigate two kinds of topological periodically driven systems Thouless pumping and Floquet Chern insulators. Our analysis shows that the nonequilibrium occupations of the eigenvalues of the Floquet Hamiltonian, the so called quasienergies, play a crucial role. In the case of Thouless pumping we analysed the pumped charge averaged over many cycles and discovered that the corrections to perfect quantization of the pumped charge are actually quadratic in the frequency of the driving for a suddenly switched-on driving. In the case of Floquet Chern insulators, we studied fermions on the honeycomb lattice subjected to a circularly polarised field. We found that while the quasienergy bulk states can be populated in a controlled way, edge states get unavoidable excitations due to exponentially small gaps preventing adiabaticity. These defects reflect in nonequilibrium currents flowing at the edges, that can be manipulated by tailoring the parameters of the periodic driving. Nevertheless, the nonequilibrium state undergoes a generalized form of topological transition, thanks to the controlled population of bulk states. We describe it with a generalized version of the Chern marker of Bianco and Resta
Non-equilibrium aspects of topological Floquet quantum systems / Privitera, Lorenzo. - (2017 Oct 16).
|Titolo:||Non-equilibrium aspects of topological Floquet quantum systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||16-ott-2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.1 PhD thesis|