To better understand how object recognition can be triggered independently of the sensory channel through which information is acquired, we devised a task in which rats judged the orientation of a raised, black and white grating. They learned to recognize two categories of orientation: 0Â° Â± 45Â° ("horizontal") and 90Â° Â± 45Â° ("vertical"). Each trial required a visual (V), a tactile (T), or a visual-tactile (VT) discrimination; VT performance was better than that predicted by optimal linear combination of V and T signals, indicating synergy between sensory channels. We examined posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and uncovered key neuronal correlates of the behavioral findings: PPC carried both graded information about object orientation and categorical information about the rat's upcoming choice; single neurons exhibited identical responses under the three modality conditions. Finally, a linear classifier of neuronal population firing replicated the behavioral findings. Taken together, these findings suggest that PPC is involved in the supramodal processing of shape. Knowledge about objects can be accessed through multiple sensory pathways. Nikbakht et al. find that rats judge object orientation by synergistically combining signals from vision and touch; posterior parietal cortex seems to be involved in the supramodal knowledge of orientation.
|Titolo:||Supralinear and Supramodal Integration of Visual and Tactile Signals in Rats: Psychophysics and Neuronal Mechanisms|
|Autori:||Nikbakht, Nader; Tafreshiha, Azadeh; Zoccolan, Davide; Diamond, Mathew E.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.neuron.2018.01.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|