Dark matter with momentum- or velocity-dependent interactions with nuclei has shown significant promise for explaining the so-called Solar Abundance Problem, a longstanding discrepancy between solar spectroscopy and helioseismology. The best-fit models are all rather light, typically with masses in the range of 3-5 GeV. This is exactly the mass range where dark matter evaporation from the Sun can be important, but to date no detailed calculation of the evaporation of such models has been performed. Here we carry out this calculation, for the first time including arbitrary velocity- and momentum-dependent interactions, thermal effects, and a completely general treatment valid from the optically thin limit all the way through to the optically thick regime. We find that depending on the dark matter mass, interaction strength and type, the mass below which evaporation is relevant can vary from 1 to 4 GeV. This has the effect of weakening some of the better-fitting solutions to the Solar Abundance Problem, but also improving a number of others. As a by-product, we also provide an improved derivation of the capture rate that takes into account thermal and optical depth effects, allowing the standard result to be smoothly matched to the well-known saturation limit.
|Titolo:||Evaporation and scattering of momentum- and velocity-dependent dark matter in the Sun|
|Autori:||Busoni, Giorgio; Simone, Andrea De; Scott, Pat; Vincent, Aaron C.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Numero di Articolo:||037|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1475-7516/2017/10/037|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|