Periodically driven systems are nowadays a very powerful tool for the study of condensed quantum matter: indeed, they allow the observation of phenomena in huge contrast with the expected behavior of their classical counterparts. An outstanding example is dynamical localization: this phenomenon consists in the prevention of heating despite an external periodic perturbation. It has been defined for the first time in a single particle model, the kicked rotor. This chaotic system undergoes an unbounded heating in time in its classical limit; on the opposite, in the quantum regime, the kinetic energy grows until a saturation value is reached and the system stops heating. In my thesis I consider a chain of coupled quantum kicked rotors in order to investigate the fate of dynamical localization in presence of interactions. I remarkably show that a dynamically localized phase persists in the quantum system also in presence of interactions. This is an unexpected behavior since periodically driven, interacting, non-integrable quantum systems heat up to an infinite temperature state. Moreover, I find a genuine quantum dynamics also in the delocalized phase: the heating is not diffusive, as it happens in the classical system, but it follows a sub-diffusive power law. A focus on the properties of the Floquet eigenstates and operators matrix properties gives interesting hints, still under investigation, for a possible justification of the above mentioned slow heating.

Coupled quantum kicked rotors: a study about dynamical localization, slow heating and thermalization / Notarnicola, Simone. - (2018 Oct 25).

Coupled quantum kicked rotors: a study about dynamical localization, slow heating and thermalization

Notarnicola, Simone
2018

Abstract

Periodically driven systems are nowadays a very powerful tool for the study of condensed quantum matter: indeed, they allow the observation of phenomena in huge contrast with the expected behavior of their classical counterparts. An outstanding example is dynamical localization: this phenomenon consists in the prevention of heating despite an external periodic perturbation. It has been defined for the first time in a single particle model, the kicked rotor. This chaotic system undergoes an unbounded heating in time in its classical limit; on the opposite, in the quantum regime, the kinetic energy grows until a saturation value is reached and the system stops heating. In my thesis I consider a chain of coupled quantum kicked rotors in order to investigate the fate of dynamical localization in presence of interactions. I remarkably show that a dynamically localized phase persists in the quantum system also in presence of interactions. This is an unexpected behavior since periodically driven, interacting, non-integrable quantum systems heat up to an infinite temperature state. Moreover, I find a genuine quantum dynamics also in the delocalized phase: the heating is not diffusive, as it happens in the classical system, but it follows a sub-diffusive power law. A focus on the properties of the Floquet eigenstates and operators matrix properties gives interesting hints, still under investigation, for a possible justification of the above mentioned slow heating.
Silva, Alessandro
Fazio, Rosario (ICTP)
Notarnicola, Simone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/84067
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