We consider the nonequilibrium protocol where two semi-infinite gapped XXZ chains, initially prepared in different equilibrium states, are suddenly joint together. At large times, a generalized hydrodynamic description applies, according to which the system can locally be represented by space- and time- dependent stationary states. The magnetization displays an unusual behavior: depending on the initial state, its profile may exhibit abrupt jumps that can not be predicted directly from the standard hydrodynamic equations and which signal non-ballistic spin transport. We ascribe this phenomenon to the structure of the local conservation laws and make a prediction for the exact location of the jumps. We find that the jumps propagate at the velocities of the heaviest quasiparticles. By means of tDMRG simulations we show that our theory yields a complete description of the long-time steady profiles of conserved charges, currents, and local correlations.

Transport in out-of-equilibrium XXZ chains: Nonballistic behavior and correlation functions / Piroli, Lorenzo; De Nardis, Jacopo; Collura, Mario; Bertini, Bruno; Fagotti, Maurizio. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B. - ISSN 2469-9950. - 96:11(2017), pp. 1-12. [10.1103/PhysRevB.96.115124]

Transport in out-of-equilibrium XXZ chains: Nonballistic behavior and correlation functions

Piroli, Lorenzo;Collura, Mario;Bertini, Bruno;
2017

Abstract

We consider the nonequilibrium protocol where two semi-infinite gapped XXZ chains, initially prepared in different equilibrium states, are suddenly joint together. At large times, a generalized hydrodynamic description applies, according to which the system can locally be represented by space- and time- dependent stationary states. The magnetization displays an unusual behavior: depending on the initial state, its profile may exhibit abrupt jumps that can not be predicted directly from the standard hydrodynamic equations and which signal non-ballistic spin transport. We ascribe this phenomenon to the structure of the local conservation laws and make a prediction for the exact location of the jumps. We find that the jumps propagate at the velocities of the heaviest quasiparticles. By means of tDMRG simulations we show that our theory yields a complete description of the long-time steady profiles of conserved charges, currents, and local correlations.
96
11
1
12
115124
https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.115124
Piroli, Lorenzo; De Nardis, Jacopo; Collura, Mario; Bertini, Bruno; Fagotti, Maurizio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/85908
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